Air abrasion dentistry is an advanced dental tool that offers an alternative to traditional dental drills. This technique utilizes a stream of pressurized air and small particles to delicately remove tooth enamel, making it a minimally invasive and non-mechanical dental preparation method. The kinetic energy of the particles erodes the surface of the tooth without heat, vibration, or noise. The primary goal of modern dentistry is to preserve healthy dental structure through non-invasive treatments. Air abrasion has been proposed as a way to diagnose early lesions of the occlusal surface and treat them with minimal tooth preparation using a magnifying glass.
This method has several benefits, including reduced sound, vibration, and sensitivity. Air abrasion cavities have more rounded internal contours than those prepared with straight cutters. This can increase the longevity of placed restorations, since it reduces the incidence of fractures and the consequences of reduced internal stress. However, air abrasion cannot be used in all patients due to certain conditions that increase the risk of air embolism in the soft tissues of the mouth. Dust control is a challenge when using air abrasion devices. Rubber barriers, high-volume evacuation systems, protective masks, and safety glasses are necessary for both the patient and the therapist. Air abrasion is an effective way to reduce discomfort during dental procedures.
It is also beneficial for patients who have difficulty tolerating traditional dental drills due to noise or vibration. The use of air abrasion devices can also reduce the amount of time needed for certain procedures, as well as reduce the amount of anesthesia required. Overall, air abrasion is a safe and effective way to prepare teeth for restorations. It can reduce discomfort for patients and minimize the amount of time needed for certain procedures. However, dust control is an important factor to consider when using air abrasion devices.